List of Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship

What Is Dual Citizenship?

Dual citizenship, also known as dual nationality, refers to the status of an individual who is legally recognized as a citizen of two countries simultaneously. This means that a person can hold two passports, enjoy the rights and privileges of both countries and be subject to the laws and obligations of both nations. Dual citizenship can occur automatically in some cases, such as when a child is born to parents from different countries, or it can be obtained through legal processes like naturalization.

How to Become a Dual Citizen?

There are several ways to become a dual citizen, including:

  1. Birthright Citizenship: Some countries grant citizenship automatically to individuals born within their borders (jus soli) or to children of their citizens , regardless of the place of birth.
  2. Naturalization: This is the process through which a foreign national can become a citizen of a country, often involving residency requirements, language proficiency, and knowledge of the country’s history and government.
  3. Marriage: Marrying a citizen of another country can sometimes facilitate the process of obtaining citizenship in that country.
  4. Descent: Many countries offer citizenship to individuals who can prove they have ancestors from that country.
  5. Investment: Some countries provide citizenship in exchange for significant financial investments in the country’s economy, often referred to as citizenship by investment programs.
  6. Golden Visas:  Golden Visa programs are highly sought after by high-net-worth individuals seeking residency through investment, particularly in Europe. Portugal’s Golden Visa program stands out as one of the more attainable options, potentially leading to citizenship after five years. It’s an excellent choice for investors aiming to expand their collection of passports.

Advantages of Dual Citizenship

Dual citizenship offers several benefits, including:

  1. Travel Freedom: Dual citizens often have more options for visa-free travel between their two countries and may have access to more consular services abroad.
  2. Access to Benefits: Dual citizens can enjoy social services, educational opportunities, and healthcare in both countries.
  3. Business Opportunities: Being a citizen of two countries can facilitate international business ventures and investment opportunities.
  4. Cultural Exchange: Dual citizenship allows individuals to immerse themselves in and benefit from two different cultures, languages, and traditions.
  5. Property Ownership: Some countries restrict property ownership to their citizens; dual citizenship can provide the legal status needed to own property in both countries.

Disadvantages of Dual Citizenship

However, dual citizenship also has potential downsides:

  1. Double Taxation: Dual citizens may be subject to taxation in both countries, although tax treaties often mitigate this burden.
  2. Legal Obligations: Dual citizens must adhere to the laws of both countries, which can sometimes conflict, especially regarding military service and law enforcement.
  3. Complicated Legal Status: Navigating the legal and bureaucratic requirements of two countries can be complex and time-consuming.
  4. Political and Security Risks: In times of political tension or conflict, dual citizens may face challenges, such as travel restrictions or questioning of their loyalties.
  5. Loss of Citizenship: Some countries do not recognize dual citizenship and may require individuals to renounce one of their citizenships, which can lead to loss of rights and privileges in that country.

List of Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship in 2024

Albania Central African Republic The Gambia Latvia Peru Switzerland
Algeria Chile Germany Lebanon Philippines Syria
American Samoa Colombia Ghana Lithuania Poland Taiwan
Angola Comoros Greece Luxembourg Portugal Tajikistan
Antigua & Barbuda Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Grenada Macau Romania Thailand
Argentina Costa Rica Guatemala Macedonia Russian Federation Tibet
Australia Ivory Coast Guinea-Bissau Mali Saint Kitts & Nevis Tonga
Armenia Croatia Haiti Malta Saint Lucia Trinidad & Tobago
Australia Cyprus Honduras Mauritius Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Tunisia
Barbados Czech Republic Hong Kong Mexico Samoa Turkey
Belgium Denmark Hungary Moldova Scotland Uganda
Belize Djibouti Iceland Morocco Serbia United Kingdom
Benin Dominica Iraq Namibia Seychelles United States
Bolivia Dominican Republic Ireland Nauru Sierra Leone Uruguay
Bosnia & Herzegovina East Timor Israel New Zealand Slovenia Vatican City
Brazil Ecuador Italy Nicaragua Somalia Venezuela
Bulgaria Egypt Jamaica Niger South Africa Vietnam
Burkina Faso El Salvador Jordan Nigeria South Sudan British Virgin Islands
Burundi Equatorial Guinea Kenya Pakistan Spain Yemen
Cambodia Fiji South Korea Panama Sri Lanka Zambia
Canada Finland Kosovo Papua New Guinea Sudan Zimbabwe
Cape Verde France Kyrgyzstan Paraguay Sweden

Countries Where You Cannot Have Dual Citizenship

Afghanistan Iran Maldives San Marino Andorra Japan
Marshall Islands Sao Tome and Principe Austria Kazakhstan Mauritania Saudi Arabia
Azerbaijan Kiribati Micronesia Singapore Bahrain North Korea
Monaco Slovakia China Kuwait Mongolia Suriname
Djibouti Laos Mozambique Swaziland Eritrea Lesotho
Myanmar, Burma Tanzania Estonia Liberia Nepal Togo
Ethiopia Libia Netherlands Ukraine Georgia Liechtenstein
Norway United Arab Emirates Guinea Malaysia Oman Uzbekistan
Guyana Montenegro Palau Vanuatu India Madagascar
Qatar Indonesia Malawi Rwanda

EU countries that Allow Dual Citizenship

Cyprus Greece Malta Czech Republic Hungary Portugal
Denmark Ireland Poland France Italy Spain
Finland Latvia Sweden Germany Lithuania

Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship Only by Descent

Certain countries offer citizenship by descent if you can provide evidence that your ancestors were citizens of that nation. These countries include:

South Korea Croatia Bulgaria Liechtenstein Hong Kong Netherlands
Cambodia Taiwan

Dual Citizenship with the US

Dual citizenship is allowed in the United States. A naturalized U.S. citizen is not required by U.S. law to relinquish their other citizenship. However, if you have dual citizenship and intend to travel to or from the U.S., you must use a U.S. passport to enter and exit the country. This requirement ensures that U.S. citizens are subject to U.S. laws and regulations when they are within the country’s borders. While dual citizens enjoy the benefits of both nationalities, they must also adhere to the responsibilities and obligations of holding U.S. citizenship, including abiding by U.S. travel and identification rules.

List of Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship with the US

Albania Bulgaria* Grenada Nigeria South Korea* Algeria
Canada Hungary Norway Sweden Angola Chile
Iceland Panama* Syria Antigua and Barbuda Costa Rica Italy
Pakistan Turkey Argentina Croatia* Ireland Peru
United Kingdom Armenia Cyprus Israel The Philippines Vanuatu
Australia Czech Republic Jamaica Portugal Bangladesh Denmark
Latvia Romania Barbados Dominica Luxembourg Russia
Belgium Egypt Malawi St. Kitts and Nevis Belize Finland
Malta St. Lucia Benin France Mexico Serbia
Bolivia Germany* Netherlands* Slovenia Brazil Greece
New Zealand South Africa

*These countries allow dual citizenship with the US under specific conditions.

Benefits of US Dual Citizenship

  1. You will gain access to social benefits and voting rights.
  2. Your family members can become eligible for a green card.
  3. You can attend universities without requiring a student visa and enjoy nearly all citizen rights, with some political exceptions.
  4. You can travel internationally without restrictions.
  5. You can seek employment anywhere in the country without needing a work visa

Drawbacks of US Dual Citizenship

Individuals holding political positions may face employment challenges. Dual citizenship might be prohibited for military officers, judges, ministers, or deputies.

You may face double taxation if your other country does not have a tax agreement with the United States. U.S. citizens are required to pay taxes in the U.S. regardless of where they live. For example, even if you reside in the Cayman Islands for 10 years, you still have to pay taxes in the U.S.

The Easiest Way to Get Dual Citizenship

  1. Citizenship by investment: Available in Caribbean and European countries, requires investment in state funds, local businesses, or real estate, and can apply individually or with family members.
  2. Citizenship by naturalization: Obtained through long-term residency, criteria vary by country but typically involve residency, clean criminal record, and language proficiency.
  3. Citizenship by descent: Based on familial ties to a country, requires proof of ancestry, simpler alternatives include citizenship by investment.

Read more: Easiest Countries to Get Citizenship and Passports

Which Countries Grant Citizenship by Investment

Several countries offer citizenship by investment programs, providing individuals with the opportunity to acquire citizenship through investment in the country’s economy. Here are some programs: 

Each program has its own specific requirements, investment options, and benefits associated with their citizenship by investment programs.

Read more: List of Caribbean Countries Offering Citizenship by Investment Program

Benefits of Citizenship by Investment

  • Citizenship by investment offers fast-tracked citizenship.
  • It provides global mobility with visa-free travel.
  • Investors can contribute to the host country’s economy.
  • Some countries offer favorable tax regimes for citizens.
  • Access to social services like healthcare and education is granted.
  • Citizenship ensures security and stability.
  • Family members can also obtain citizenship.

Which Countries Grant a Residence Permit Or Permanent Residence By Investment

Residence Permit Permanent Residence
  • Portugal
  • Greece
  • Malta
  • Austria
  • Switzerland
  • Spain
  • Andorra
  • Malta
  • Cyprus

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Which country offers the simplest path to obtain dual citizenship?

Various nations have varying regulations, but some of the most straightforward countries to acquire dual citizenship include Turkey, Vanuatu, Grenada, and Dominica. These nations provide citizenship through investment programs, enabling individuals to secure citizenship within a span of 2 to 8 months.

  • Is Portugal dual citizenship?

Yes, Portugal permits dual citizenship, although obtaining it involves meeting specific criteria.

  • Which countries offer the fastest citizenship?

Vanuatu citizenship by investment program stands out as the swiftest route to obtaining citizenship, with the process potentially taking just one month. Additionally, Argentina offers a relatively expedited process, with citizenship achievable in as little as two years.


About the Editorial Staff
About the Editorial Staff

Editorial Staff at Migrate World is a team that handles news, events, and other press release from the company, its affiliates and programs. We are a well-versed company with over a decade’s worth of experience in the field of residency and citizenship by investment.

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